Career in Agriculture: Scope, Job Prospects, Courses & Institutes

Looking for Career in Agriculture Industry? Get in here to know the Scope of Agriculture, Job Opportunities and Prospects, Courses available for Agriculture, top institutes and Universities where you can study.

What goes on in your mind when you hear the word "Agriculture? Oh..its a farmers work. You have to work in the field wetting your hands and standing under the hot sun. You must be able to hold the bullock for ploughing the field. You must also be able to work for long hours throughout the day. This is a normal thought which picturises as a man holding a plough like the scene in "Mother India". Little does anyone wonder there are many Agriculture job opportunities hidden in this sector.

Things to know about Agriculture in India

Do you know about the 'Green revolution' in India? What is the motive behind it? The 1965-66 drought made India to draft an agricultural policy to meet the domestic requirement and not to rely on foreign aid and foreign imports for food security.

Punjab was the first in leading 'Green revolution' for wheat production. Their success spread to rice production, oilseeds, fruits, vegetables. This method of improvement was adopted in dairy, fisheries, livestock etc. The agricultural policy can be enhanced with better irrigation network, implement a flood control system, reliable electricity supply, better rural and urban highway, cold storage facility, modern retail, competitive buyer.

Without agriculture, we would not been able to enjoy good food as we enjoy today. Agriculture in India has been transferred for generations and practiced around 3000-3500 years. There were various forms of organic farming practiced earlier to the period of independence. After Independence, India made immense progress in the food grain production. It contributes 25% of GDP, provides 50% of employment, sustains 69% of population produces all the food and nutritional requirements of the nation and important raw materials for some major industries, and accounts for about 14% of exports.

India's agricultural economy is undergoing structural changes. From 1970 till 2011, the GDP share of agriculture has fallen from 43 % to 16 %. This is due to rapid economic growth in services, industrial Career in Agriculture, Scope and Job prospectsoutput, and non-agricultural sectors. India has arable land of about 394.6 million acres, second largest in the world after Unites States. Being a part of this Evergreen Revolution will make our country sustainable in food security and alleviate malnutrition. You ponder to think how can it be done. There are various institutions across India promoting this and needs to reach the masses. So what do they do? They develop new crop varieties and new technologies to enhance the productivity and profitability without deteriorating the ecosystem, efficiently use resources like water, electricity, sustainable to environment so that it does not harm the soil, air, resilience in agriculture. Example: Leaf rust resistance in wheat, grain quality in maize, black rot resistance in cauliflower, new techniques for diagnosing and managing crop pests, remote sensing and GIS-based methods for assessing crops and resources, mechanized paddy weeder, mechanical hydel applicator, compost sieving machine, rice thresher, etc.

There are various categories of Agriculture related courses to study where horticulture, poultry farming, live stocking maintenance, dairying, irrigation management, etc. Many colleges have upgraded their curriculum for Agricultural Science to include various disciplines of agriculture.

Agriculture Economics career scope, job prospects and courses

The scope of Agriculture Economics ranges from maximizing profits to minimizing the cost of producing crops to applying the principles of economics in production of crops and livestock.

There are various Agricultural associations in India that are involved in this field namely Indian Agricultural Research Institute (

What you can do with Agricultural Economics Degree

To pursue this passion the basic necessity is to have PG diploma /Bachelors degree. Candidates can also specialize in agricultural economics after their commerce, economics or agricultural course to enhance their skills. They can opt for rural policy, resource economics, agribusiness management, farm management, rural development policy, macroeconomics and trade.

Agricultural Economics Courses:
  • Agricultural Economics PG Diploma course (Duration 2-5 years)
  • Graduate diploma in Agricultural Economics (Duration -1 year full time OR 2 years Part-time)
  • B.Sc (Agricultural)(Duration 4 years)
  • Master's Degree Program in Agricultural Economics (Duration 2 years)

Agricultural Economics Course fees
  • B.Sc:30,000/- per year (approx.)
  • M.Sc 30,000/- per year (approx.)

Job opportunities for Agricultural Economics

There are opportunities from corporation to government sectors for Agriculture Jobs where the demand is for candidates having a mindset for practical approach, skills in optimization and decision making, skills in statistical modelling.

Agricultural Economist job description & job activities - An agricultural economist should be able to offer an advise on economic trends in relation to agriculture and rural contexts. It must be able to provide sufficient information on helping farmers to improve their business using available resources such as bio-fertilizers, organic farming techniques, water conservation techniques, credit facilities in bank etc. This job also includes the following:
  • Monitor the changes in agricultural patterns
  • Conduct different types of surveys using different sampling techniques
  • Devise specific procedures and methods to obtain data
  • Understand and interpret data collected
  • Use various economic modeling technique to develop forecasts
  • Create / apply economic modelling techniques for changes and developments in agriculture
  • Converting the data to benefits and costs to advise agricultural organisations
  • Write technical and non-technical reports
  • Inform the press on agriculture market trends
Salary for Agricultural Economist - As Agricultural Economist, you can earn from 7000/- and varies on experience.

Agricultural Engineering career scope, job prospects and courses

It is discipline that applies engineering science and technology to agricultural production and processing. It includes disciplines of animal biology, plant biology, mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles.

To pursue this passion the basic necessity is to have Bachelors degree / Post-graduatedegree.
  • At the UG level, concepts in soil conservation, drainage methods, irrigation practices, farm machinery, dairy engineering are taken up
  • At PG level, concepts in crop process engineering, farm machinery, power, water and soil conservation etc are taken up

There are various colleges in India that impart education in this field including Indian Agricultural Research Institute (

Agricultural Engineering Courses:
  • B.Sc / M.Sc Agriculture
  • B.E. Agricultural and Irrigation Engineering
  • B.E Agricultural Engineering
  • B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering
  • Diploma in Agricultural Engineering
  • M.E. Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural Engineering Course fees :
  • B.Sc courses -Starts from 15,000 to 20,000 / Semester
  • B.Tech /B.E course -starts from50,000

Top Colleges / Universities for Agricultural Engineering in India

  1. Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad
  2. Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat (Assam)
  3. Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, PO Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Mohanpur (West Bengal)
  4. Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi (Bihar)
  5. Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh)
  6. Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana)
  7. Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola (Maharashtra)
  8. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Dist. Solan (Himachal Pradesh)
  9. Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar (Uttar Pradesh)
  10. Gujarat Agricultural University, Sardar Krushinagar, Dist. Banaskantha (Gujarat).

Job opportunities for Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural engineers may be involved in the sales, marketing and servicing of farm equipment and agricultural implements, in designing and constructing farm buildings, in product planning, mechanizing procedures and crop storage and processing. They could also work for tubewell borings, irrigation and drainage projects, canal irrigation programs, land reclamation and soil conservation projects, Government Sector, including the railways, municipal corporations, telecommunications departments, etc.

Jobs are also offered from Public Sector organizations, Private companies. You can also work as commissioned officers in the defence services, in Research organisations and laboratories, as technical experts on engineering projects in banks and financial corporations, as an engineer who can set up his / her own small unit / company or consultancy. There are various agricultural Engineering jobs in mechanized farms, for rural electrification, and in agro-industrial corporations are also increasing.

Agricultural engineers also work as assistant engineers, designers, management trainees, and technical officers in banks. Besides teaching and technical journalism, large numbers of these engineers are absorbed in Central and state governments departments of agriculture, product engineering, equipment research and design, facilities design, environmental consulting, and engineering management. Scope of work will be related to planning, supervising, managing irrigation, drainage, water control system schemes, production, sales, development and management of agricultural equipment, structures for housing livestock and storing crops.

Salary for Agricultural Engineers - Starts from 20,000 and with experience upto 60,000.

Agribusiness Management career scope, job prospects and courses

It deals with critical management issues such as financing and technical assistance, preparation of products for exports, overseas marketing issues and government policy and explores the production, marketing, trading of products related to agriculture. It helps in preparing graduates and entrepreneurs to cater to the growing field of agriculture where there is shift from production oriented approach to market driven approach. These developments have brought about new challenges wherein there is requirement of techno-managerial skills in agriculture.
Agribusiness Management Courses and Fee structure
  • Post graduate diploma in Agribusiness management(1 year course). Course fees starts from55,000/year(depends on the University applied)
  • MBA (Agri-business management) 2 year course. Course fee starts from 1,20,000/- year (depends on the University applied)

Best Colleges & Institutes for Agribusiness Management Courses

  1. IIM Ahmedabad
  2. IIM Lucknow
  3. Amity Business School (MBA - Agriculture & Food Business)
  4. Aligarh Muslim University (Master of Agricultural Economics and Business Management (MAEBM))
  5. L.N. Welingker, Mumbai (6 months part time Diploma in Agribusiness Management)
  6. FMS, Varanasi , BHU (Master's programme in Agri-Business Administration)
  7. National Institute of Agricultural Marketing , Kota Road, Bambala, Near Sanganer, Jaipur - 302033, conducts an MBA-level programme, PGP in Agri-Business management
  8. The Institute of Agri Business Management (IABM) (Established in 2000 with financial assistance from the World Bank under the Agricultural Development Project, as a constituent unit of Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner)
  9. Indian Institute of Management, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad 380 015 (full-time two year residential programme in agri-business management)
  10. Indian Institute of Management, Prabandh Nagar, Off Sitapur Road, Lucknow - 226013 ( full-time two-year residential programme in agri-business management)
  11. University of Mumbai - Garware institute (Post Graduate Diploma in Agri - Business Management)
  12. College Of Agribusiness Management, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar - 263145 (full-time two-year PG Programme, leading to MBA (Agribusiness))
  13. Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030 ( Master in agri-business management)
  14. The Symbiosis group of Business Schools offers MBA in agri-business.
  15. National Institute of Rural Development, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad - 500 030
  16. The Institute of Agribusiness Management (registered under the Centre for Agriculture and Rural Development Society)
  17. Kerala Agricultural University (MBA in Agri Business programme)
  18. Centre for Food and Agribusiness Management (CFAM)

Top Agricultural Universities offering Courses in Agribusiness Management in India

  1. National Institute of Agriculture Extension Management (MANAGE), Hyderabad
  2. Allahabad Agricultural University (Postgraduate Diploma in Agribusiness)
  3. Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry -(MBA (Agribusiness))
  4. Forest Research Institute (Dehra Dun) -(M.Sc Forestry (Economics and Management))
  5. G B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (College of Agribusiness Management) -(MBA (Agribusiness))
  6. Indian Institute of Forest Management (Bhopal) -(P G Diploma in Forest Management)
  7. Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya -(Master of Agricultural Business Management (MABM))
  8. Kerala Agricultural University
  9. Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya (MBA (Agribusiness))
  10. Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (P G Diploma in Farm Business Management (Two-year duration)
  11. Mysore University (Master of Food and Agricultural Marketing Management (MFAMM)
  12. National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE), Hyderabad (P G Diploma in Agriculture-Business Management)
  13. Punjab Agricultural University (College of Agribusiness Management)( MBA (Agribusiness Management))
  14. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (Master of Business Management (MBM), M.Sc (Agricultural Marketing Management))
  15. Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (Postgraduate Diploma in Business Management (Animal and Fisheries Sciences)
  16. University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore ( B.Sc.) (Agricultural Marketing & Cooperation), M.Sc (Agricultural Marketing))
  17. University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwar (B.Sc. ) (Agricultural Marketing & Cooperation))

Optional Courses for Agri Business Management

There are other optional coursesoffered in Agri-business Management Program as below:
  • Agribusiness and Carbon Finance
  • Agricultural Development
  • Agricultural Finance/Banking
  • Agricultural Futures and Options Markets
  • Agro-industries
  • Agro Processing
  • Econometrics for Agri-Business
  • Food Processing
  • Forest-based Industries
  • International Agriculture and Trade Policy
  • International Marketing
  • Logistics and Infrastructure Management in Agriculture
  • Marketing of Agricultural Inputs
  • Management and Finance of Agro-Food Projects
  • Market Research for Agri-Business
  • Managerial Communication for Agribusiness
  • Management of Contract Farming
  • Management of Technology for Sustainable Agriculture
  • Franchising in Agribusiness (FAB)
  • Private-Public-Community Partnership for Inclusive Agribusiness
  • Rural Advertising
  • Strategic Food Agro Marketing
  • Sales and Distribution Management for Agriculture

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Author: Adeyeye Adesola21 Feb 2014 Member Level: Silver   Points : 0

This resource is very great and inspiring to me.Agriculture is the bedrock of any nation but the advent of oil had really caused much distractions to the promising practice of farming.

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